Nexium is prescribed to patients who are suffering from ulcers and for patients who have abnormally high stomach acidity.
Nexium is prescribed for the treatment of acid-reflux disorders (GERD) and peptic ulcer disease.
Nexium is in a class of drugs called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) which block the production of acid by the stomach.
Proton pump inhibitors are used for the treatment of conditions such as stomach and duodenal ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and the Zollinger-Ellison syndrome which all are caused by stomach acid.
Nexium, like other proton-pump inhibitors, blocks the enzyme in the wall of the stomach that produces acid. By blocking the enzyme, the production of acid is decreased, and this allows the stomach and esophagus to heal.
The most common side effects are:
- Abnormal heartbeat;
- Leg cramps;
- Muscle pain;
- Water retention;
Side effects regularly include:
- Dryness of mouth;
- Abdominal Upsets;
Nexium is contraindicated if you have any of the following conditions:
- If you are pregnant, trying for a baby or breast-feeding;
- If you have noticed any of the following: major weight loss, continuously being sick or noticing blood in your sick, difficulty swallowing, or blood in your stools;
- If you take a medicine called atazanavir;
Reported Nexium overdose symptoms are:
- Rapid heartbeat;
- Dry mouthflushingheadache;
- Blurred vision;
Other Brand Names
In some countries Nexium may also be known as:
- Nexium IV;
Capsules: 20 milligrams,
Capsules: 40 milligrams;
Intravenous: 40 milligrams.
For GERD, 20 or 40 milligrams of Nexium is given once daily for
For the treatment of H. pylori, 40 milligrams is administered once daily in combination with amoxicillin and clarithromycin for 10 days.
Nexium capsules should be administered one hour before meals, swallowed whole and should not be crushed or chewed. Patients with difficulty swallowing can open the capsule and mix the pellets with applesauce. The applesauce should not be hot and the pellets should not be chewed or crushed.